Purification of the Soul

It is essential to know that sins and acts of disobedience are, necessarily, very harmful. Their harm effects upon the heart are akin to the harmful effects of poison upon the body, though the effects vary in their levels and intensities. So is there any evil or harm in this world, or in the Hereafter, except that it is due to sins and disobedience?

So what was it that expelled the two parents [i.e. Adam and Eve] from Paradise; the home of delight, bliss, splendor and joy; to the home of pain, sorrow and misfortune?

What was it that expelled Iblis [i.e. Satan] from the heavenly realms, causing him to be rejected and cursed; transforming him both inwardly and outwardly, so that his form became ugly and hideous - his inner form more hideous than his outer - replacing his nearness with remoteness, mercy with curse, his beauty with ugliness, from being in Paradise to being in the blazing Fire, from having faith to being an unbeliever, from having the patronage and friendship of Allah, the Praiseworthy Guardian, to being the greatest enemy and opponent, from glorifying and praising Him to committing acts of unbelief, shirk, lies, deception and shamelessness, from being adorned with faith to being clothed in the garment of unbelief, sinfulness and disobedience, causing him to reach the deepest depths of despicability, plunging down in the sight of Allah as far as it is possible to plunge; causing the anger of Allah the Exalted to be upon him, making him an outcast - despised and humiliated - so that he became a leader for every sinner and criminal, becoming pleased with leadership for himself, after having reached the station of worship and nobility? O Allah, we seek refuge in You from opposing Your command and falling into what You have forbidden.

What was it that caused the people of the earth to drown, to the extent that the water rose above even the mountaintops? What was it that caused the violent winds to overcome the people of 'Ad, such that it flung them down dead upon the face of the earth - as if they were lopped-off palm trunks - and it destroyed whatever dwellings and crops it came across, thus making them an example for nations until the Day of Resurrection?

What was it that caused the piercing shrieks to be set loose upon the Thamud people, such that their hearts were severed within their very bodies, by which they all perished? What was it that caused the town of the homosexuals to be raised up and turned upside down, such that they were all destroyed? Then stones from the sky pelted down upon them so that they suffered a combined punishment, the like of which was not given to any other nation! And for their brothers will be its like; and it is not far off from the transgressors!

What was it that caused the clouds of punishment to overcome the people of Shu'ayb, such that when these clouds were above their heads it rained scorching fire upon them?

What was it that caused the Pharaoh and his people to be drowned in the ocean, and caused their souls to be transported to the Hellfire, so their bodies drowned and their souls burned?

What was it that caused Qarun, his dwelling, wealth and family to sink down into the earth?

What was it that caused the destruction of those generations after Noah, and how they were afflicted with various punishments that caused their annihilation?

What was it that caused the destruction of the companions of Ya Sin, with the clamorous shout, which destroyed them?

What caused there to be sent against the Children of Isra'il enemies of great strength and might, plundering their homes, killing their men, enslaving their women and children, burning their dwellings, seizing their wealth, and then returning again a second time, destroying what was rebuilt after the first onslaught?

What was it that caused the various types of punishments to be set loose upon the Children of Isra'il? Killing them, enslaving them, destroying their land and at times causing them to be oppressed by kings, whilst at another time causing them to be transformed into apes and swines - and finally the Lord took an oath that::

"He would certainly keep on sending against them, until the Day of Resurrection, those who will inflict them with a humiliating torment." [Al-Qur'an 7:167]

Imam Ahmad said al-Walid ibn Muslim related to us that Safwan ibn 'Amr related to us that 'Abdur-Rahman ibn Jubayr ibn Nufayr related from his father, who said, "When Cyprus was conquered and its people were dispersed and they started weeping to each other, I saw Abu ad-Darda sitting alone and weeping. So I said to him: O Abu ad-Darda! What makes you weep on this day that Allah has granted strength and honor to Islam and its people? So he said: Woe be to you O Jubayr! How insignificant the creation becomes to Allah when they turn away from His command. In front of us is a nation who were evidently powerful and who had dominion, yet they abandoned Allah's command, so look what has become of them." [Reported by Imam Ahmad in az-Zuhd (1/86) with an authentic (sahih) chain of narration; as stated by Shaykh 'Ali Hasan al-Halabi in his verification of the book. (p. 67)]

'Ali ibn al-Ja'd said Shu'bah ibn 'Amr ibn Murrah informed us I heard Abu al-Bukhtari say I was informed by someone, who heard the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam saying, "The people will not perish, until they have no excuse left for themselves." [Reported by Ahmad (4/260) and Abu Dawood (no. 4347) with an authentic chain of narration]

Imam Ahmad reports in his Musnad, from the hadith of Umm Salamah, who said I heard Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam saying, "When acts of disobedience become widespread in my ummah, then Allah may send punishment upon them all from Himself." So I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Even if there are righteous people amongst them that day?" So he replied, "Indeed!" So I said, "How will that be?" He replied, "They will be afflicted with what afflicts the people, then they will move on to the forgiveness of Allah and His good pleasure." [Reported by Ahmad (6/304) and one of its narrators is Layth ibn Abi Sulaym, who is weak. However the hadith is established due to further supporting narrations. Consult Silsilatul Ahadith as-Sahihah (no. 1372) of Shaykh al-Albani]

 From Ad-Da' wad-Dawa' (pp. 65-67)

Be Mindful O Mankind!

Stick to the path of guidance, and do not be hurt by the small number of people who take this path, and beware of the path of misguidance, and do not be fooled by the large number of people who destroy themselves on this path.
Al-Fudayl ibn Iyyad (d. 187H), may Allah have mercy upon him