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Fasting on the Day of 'Arafah

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah (the 12th and final month of the Islamic calendar) is the Day of 'Arafah. It is the day when pilgrims stand on the plain of 'Arafah to pray. On this day, Muslims all over the world who do not witness the annual Hajj should spend the day in fasting, in preparation for the three days festivity following 'Eid ul-Adha (the celebration marking the end of the Hajj commemorating the Prophet Ibrahim's willingness of sacrifice).

Abu Hafsah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said:

"Fasting on the Day of 'Arafah absolves the sins for two years: the previous year and the coming year, and fasting on 'Ashura, (the tenth day of Muharram) atones for the sins of previous years." [Reported by all except al-Bukhari and at-Tirmidhi]

In another saying the Prophet's wife Hafsah, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

"Four things the Messenger of Allâh never neglected: Observing fast on the day of 'Ashura, 'Arafat, three days every month, and offering fajr sunnah prayers early in the morning." [Muslim]

These statements are proof that fasting on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, the day before 'Eid ul-Adha was a lifelong practice of the Prophet, peace be upon him, as his wife reported.

There are some reports that fasting is prohibited on the Day of 'Arafah. However, it must be understood that this refers to a person performing the Hajj. If a person is on the Hajj, there is no fast for him or her on the day of 'Arafah. That is undoubtedly a blessing for him because of the hardships of the pilgrimage. In a saying reported by Umm al-Fadl, may Allah be pleased with her, she said:

"The companions doubted whether the Prophet was fasting on 'Arafah or not. She decided to prove to them that he was not, so she said, 'I sent to him milk, which he drank while he was delivering the khutbah (sermon) on 'Arafah.' " [Recorded by al-Bukhari]

Prohibiting the pilgrims from fasting on these days is a great mercy for them, for fasting will exert undue hardship on the person performing the Hajj, while they are primarily concerned with their pilgrimage. Above all, the pilgrim would not be fasting anyway because he is travelling.

(p) Da'wah Enterprises International, Los Angeles, California, USA

Comments   

0 # Banu 2014-09-01 13:31
I have heard from my in-laws that no rituals must be practised on the first 10 days of bakrid. They are planning to post pone my baby shower function. May i know if this is true?
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0 # zubair 2013-11-13 09:06
is today 9th date in india by islamic time table can anybody ans me ??? REPLY ASAP
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0 # rasheed usman 2014-03-27 17:04
Quoting zubair:
is today 9th date in india by islamic time table can anybody ans me ??? REPLY ASAP

Quoting zubair:
is today 9th date in india by islamic time table can anybody ans me ??? REPLY ASAP

Reply: the lunar date is based on the first hilal sighted. Once it is sighted on the globe and declared by the jurisdictional authorities it will be spread to equal visible areas immediately as more visible areas. Thus it covers the globe within 24 hours. But since it does not from IDL it falls on 2 days or 3 days. There are always 2 days or 3 days on earth.
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0 # Riyaz Sait 2013-10-15 21:09
Hi Everyone

i have a clarification, does one to need to fast untill he finishes the sacrifice or does one not eat anything

my mother told me to fast but when i looked through websites i read that Huzur did not eat anything untill he returned from prayers and ate the meat of the sacrifice

So the question is do we fast untill sacrifice or not eat anything untill sacrifice...hop e i was clear in putting my thoughts and answers would definitely be helpful
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0 # shaibu 2013-11-13 13:58
It is sunnah to fast to the mosque and break it after the finish prayer and eating is compulsory any thing Muslim fasting start from eating and breaking.
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+3 # Ali Osman 2013-10-14 15:57
YOLO!!! :-) 8) :-) :D :D EID MUBARAK WALEKUM WASSALAM :sad: 8) :D :-) 8) 8) :-) :D
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+2 # sumaya hussein 2013-10-14 15:52
assalamu alakum to all muslim brothers and sisters have a wonderfull and blessed eid and may allah bless you all EID MUBARAK!!! :D :-) :D :-) 8)
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+2 # khan 2013-10-14 13:56
Eid Mubarak
Hanafi Fiqh for Ittehad ul Matalee Arafa fasting monday and Eid Tuesday and Eid Prayer with 12 Takbeerath
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+1 # nafi 2013-10-14 12:08
assalam walekum momins eid Mubarak to all...I missed my fast im from Dubai..can I fast tomorrow on eidul adha....is it ok to fast on eid
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+1 # khan 2013-10-14 14:01
You cannot fast on any Eid, Friday by itself except Ashura, Arafah or continuation with Thursday/Saturd ay and Yaumul-Shak (last day of Shaaban) except continuation form last days of Shaaban ...
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+2 # Khurshid Parkar 2013-10-14 10:10
I am Fasting Today for the Arafah Day...Insahalla ah Eid - Al - Adah, 15th October 2013..
Hajj and Eid Mubarak to all Muslim Brother's & Sister's, In the World. Allaah sab ko Haj Naseeb karey Aameen..
Best Greeting To All..Eid Mubarak :-) :-) :-) :-) :-)
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0 # shaik Muneer Ahmad 2013-10-14 13:01
Eid Mubarak to all muslim brothers.
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+2 # faiza 2013-10-14 08:35
EID MUBARAK to all my muslim brothers and sisters.greetin gs from KENYA...May ALLAH grant all of us JANNAH
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+2 # eljunayd 2013-10-14 03:55
May Almighty ALLAH SWA guide us all..Allahumma ' ameen
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+3 # Danier 2013-10-13 21:31
Assalamu aleikum.

I really want to know what to say or what to say in my Dua before i start fasting the day of Arafat.
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+6 # Abdurrahman 2013-10-14 02:10
I Know I"ll forget so inshallah EID MUBARAK TO THE WHOLE MUSLIM UMMAH 8)
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+7 # Abdurrahman 2013-10-14 02:16
I pray for Egypt, syria, palestine, iraq, somalia, libya, and to all muslim countries that they will come through these difficult trials together as an ummah should be and that they become united. But now that people strayed from the sunnah of the prophet (saw) nothing will ever be achieved so inshallah remember all the muslims and lets strive together as one inshallah follow me on youtube soldierofallah
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+5 # Fatima 2013-10-13 19:37
From what time do we start and end fasting in NYC?
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-1 # mir masud pervez 2013-10-13 19:49
I WISH TO GO WITH THE DAY "ARAFAT DAY" IF I FOLLOW CALENDER I SHOULD GO WITH 9TH DATE. BUT I GOT MORE ABOUT FASTING BY MENTIONING THE SPECIFIC DAY THAT IS ARAFAT DAY.(PERSONAL)
YOU SHOULD SHARE IT WITH SOME LERNED ISLAMIK THINKER
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0 # mani 2013-10-13 22:39
You stop eating at 5:45am in the morning and you open your fast at Magrib, which is at 6:16pm Inshallah.
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-1 # Nur 2013-10-14 03:07
Try to look up online the prayer times for your area. You should be able to eat suhur (morning meal) 30minutes before Fajr. Fasting start from Fajr prayer time to Maqrib prayer.

Hope that helps,

Jazakallah
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0 # atif khan 2013-10-14 22:54
please google the timings and you will come to know. all you need to do is end your eating before fazr time and end your fasting on hearing or the time of magrib ..... take care,,,,,, salaaamzz :-) :-) :-)
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+4 # mir masud pervez 2013-10-13 18:12
i hv a confusion about arafat day. by the moon celender saudia arabia's is one day ahed then bangladesh. in our celender today is 7th but in saudia's celender shows 8th.
so what should i have to follow in between of arafat day(9th jilha(14oct'13 acording to bd's calender)
or according to our country calender, where 9th jilhaz (15th oct'13) pls advise me
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+3 # Hakim Mugoda 2013-10-13 16:20
As salamu alaykum
I'm from Uganda. My question is, are we supposed to fast before the final prayer of Eid-Ul-Adha on tuesday.
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+1 # Ams 2013-10-10 13:37
Why is there advert of women and their inner garments on Islamic website?
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+3 # LearnIT 2013-10-11 15:46
I think you need to go learn about internet advertising and how it works!

Read this: http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887324807704579085592617339648
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-1 # Zulfikar 2013-08-14 01:52
Assalamu alikum
I am from India..first Eid Mubarak everyone..i have doubt regarding 10 days before Eid-ul-Zuha.. (First 10 days of Zil Hijjah) for a person who is performing/sacr ifing Qurbani..can he take meat or slaughter animals on those days before the Bakrid.. Please help ..i need to know if i can service meat on the occasion of my wedding reception
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-2 # SunnahOnline.com 2013-08-14 22:03
Zulfikar

Of the conditions for udhiyah is that it is not sacrificed any earlier than the day of 'Eid, and ideally is sacrifed on Eid or the days of tashriq.

As for the meat itself, there is difference of opinion. However, commonly 1/3rd is donated as gifts to whomever a person likes, 1/3rd is kept and the remaining third given to the poor.

For more detailed information please see Islam-QA, in particular this question on the conditions of udhiyah and this question on distribution of the sacrifice.
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0 # Khalid 2013-10-12 19:22
Zulfikar,
I assume you are talking of eating meat & sacrificing an animal before Eid & not linked to Eid Al Adha. You can do so as you would on any other day in any other month without problems.
Congratulations on your wedding & may Allah swt bless you both with peace, love & happiness. Aameen.
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-1 # Tariq 2013-10-13 15:20
I am no expert, however if you are getting married and wish to offer sadqa , there is no harm in doing so. It does not, however absolve you of the Qurbani, which would have to be performed, as per norm
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0 # Danif Ahamad 2013-06-26 06:46
Dear Sir,
Assalamu Alaikkum
I wanted to clear a doubt that,all sunnhath things,wether it's Sallah,pasting n whatever,is it all the same value for us in Mahshara'or it is different value for different Sunnath things..

Hope I will get the proper answer..

Danif Ahamad
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-1 # hina.m 2012-11-20 10:33
salam alikum
.. basiclly my question is that we say haram to those thing that we r not prmishned to do in quran ..so please can u tell me y we say muharamul haram. its really 1 of important month.then y we say haram to tis month?
kindly help me... :sad:
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0 # SunnahOnline.com 2012-11-20 22:07
The word is used with respect to the months as meaning 'sacred', so that sinning in the them is worse than sinning in other months and certain actions (such as fighting) are forbidden in them. Haram here is not used to mean it is a 'forbidden month'.

Please refer to this article for further detail.
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-2 # suneer 2012-11-24 15:06
"Haraam" = Which is prohibited and will be punished.
"Haram" = Squire Shaped Building.
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-1 # Fiq 2013-10-04 07:43
Assalamu alaykum

Haram means something sanctified like Makkah Masjid-ul-Haram . And Haraaam means something forbidden like eating a pig.
I hope this helps
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-1 # Gouhar Ali 2013-10-13 13:14
Dr Hina. Arabic is mother of all languages one word has many meanings. here HARAM refer to "Hurmat" or very clearl you to understand the word "ehteraam" in urdu is also derived from this.
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+2 # Kamran UK 2012-10-26 09:23
I'm sorry but the brothers and sisters in India, if hajj is performed on thursday in Saudi Arabia, this is the day of the fast, regardless of when dhul hijjah is, in your country. and as the majority of the world are doing Eid ul Adha today (Friday) is would be wrong for you to fast on this day. As fasting on the day of Eid is prohibited.
We need to get back to being an Ummah again and stop all this divide that we have between the arab world and the south asian world. Revive the Khilafa!!
Eid mubarak btw!!
Asalaamu alaikum :lol:
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+5 # Armaan 2012-10-26 06:55
For the people of India
-------------------------------

I live in India as well, The question of fasting on the day of Arafah is well explained with the releavant Hadith in the above article.... Now the question which every one has is, 9th Dul Hajj is different for different countries so when are we supposed to fast....(Arafah is the day which comes on 9th Dul Hajj)

So what is Arafah, Arafah is referred as the day of Hajj..... Day of Hajj i.e. Arafah is only one for the whole world and that is when it happens in Saudi Arabia.... Different people around the world might have the 9th Dul Hajj a day after Saudi Arabia.

So for you the 9th of Dul Hajj is according to nation you live in but make no mistake the Day of Arafah is only one for the whole world and that is the day of Hajj. On this day Allah subha na wa tala come on the first heaven (sky) and showers his blessings, The blessings are showered on the day of Arafah....

Now consider this, You miss the day of Arafah (day of Hajj) as per Saudi Arabia and pray (Supplication or Dua) on the next day, What happens then ? ..... Allah has alread showered his blessings, answered the prayers and the blessed occassion is over, Now as we people in India, observe the fast on the 9th Dul Hajj and offer Dua's, supplication as day after the actual day of Arafah (The day of Hajj), Are We not missing out the blessings of Allah...?

Summary of the above is, Day of Arafah (day of Hajj) is the day of Blessing and it is universal for all the people of the world i.e according to Saudi Arabia... Many learned scholars were not able to make up their mind hence they have advised to fast and pray on the Day of Arafah (day of Hajj) according to Saudi Arabia as well as fast on the day of 9th Dul Hajj as per your nation or region you live in....

Allah Knows best
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-1 # sss 2012-10-26 16:20
salams

jazakhallah for the clarification
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-2 # faiza 2012-10-25 18:19
Salamalaikum,
Is it ok if i fast only on the 9th dhul-hijjah? or is it compulsory to fast for 2 days atleast? I am in india and i am confused as i missed my fast today..but it is 9th dhul-hijjah in india on friday.
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-3 # wa alaikumus salaam 2012-10-25 23:43
I stay in bangalore. Here people are fasting on Friday only.
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+2 # Sister 2012-10-25 16:30
Today I am fasting for Arafat, and I was wondering if this fast can also count as one of my missed fasting days of Ramadan too?
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+1 # Brother 2012-10-25 17:54
A person has to make the intention for making up a missed fast of Ramadan for it to count as a make-up.
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-1 # sister 2012-10-25 14:51
:-) :lol: :lol:
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-2 # Muslim sister 2012-10-25 11:47
Jazakum Allah khair for this article. But isen't eid ul adha 4 days while eid ul iftar is 3 days?
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0 # tanseer 2012-10-25 23:46
Eid ul fitr is just one day and not three
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-1 # maz 2012-10-25 09:38
Today is the day of Arafah. Mubarak ho aap sub ko.. Hajj and Eid Mubarak to every one.
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-1 # imran 2012-10-25 07:45
Arafa here in india is on friday. And can we fast on friday?
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-1 # Navin 2012-10-25 08:55
Bro, there's a hadith which says we'll have to fast on the Day of Arafah.. ANd today's the Day of Arafah no matter where u are.. Be it India, America or Saudi Arabia... Its safe to fast today for the Indians.. And if they want, they can also fast tomorrow since its the 9th day of Dhul Hijjah here..
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+3 # Adnaan 2012-10-24 21:14
HAJJ & EID MUBARAK to ALL MUSLIMS
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0 # Naseem Jee 2012-10-24 18:46
Hajj and Eid Mubarrak to everyone
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-3 # baji 2012-10-24 18:22
is the arafah day same for india and uk
i mean if arafah day in saudi is today is it in india same say are day after
bit confused
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+1 # SunnahOnline.com 2012-10-24 20:10
As salamu alaykum

This is an area of a much differing of opinion and therefore we would strongly advise you to ask your local Imam or scholar in who you trust.

There is an opinion that holds each country must fast Arafah on its chosen day depending on its own moon sighting, and there is no necessity to follow the sighting of Makkah. This opinion is common amongst the scholars of Saudi Arabia. For example, please read this fatwa.

Was salam
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-1 # Masroor 2012-10-25 00:06
But the Hadith says "fast on the day of Arfa....." Not "fast on 9 Dul Haaj....." And the day of arfa happens in Saudi only not in other countries. If one is fasting on 9 Dul Hajj in non Saudi country like in Pakistan on Friday but on that day nothing is happening in Arfa in Saudi Arabia.
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+1 # SunnahOnline.com 2012-10-25 06:32
As salamu alaykum

The ninth of Dhul-Hijjah is the Day of Arafah, so the terms are interchangeable . The sighting of the moon (according to the opinion cited above) is required for each locality, and a date must be agreed for the beginning of the month (be it Ramadhan, Shawwal or Dhul-Hijjah) locally. As such, whereas the moon of the new month may have been sighted in Saudi Arabia, it may not have been sighted in the UK, Pakistan, etc. and so they will have different start dates.

Many masajid will follow Saudi Arabia in respect of Dhul-Hijjah for the reason you have stated. However, it is clear that the scholars have differed about this issue and many consider it more correct to follow your local sighting with the more important aspect being unity (and this means unity on a local basis), so that you fast when the people around you fast.

Again we recommend you consult with your local Imam or scholar in whom you trust for clarity.

And Allah knows best.

Was salam
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-1 # Jawwad 2012-10-25 07:28
Masha Allah very good information. jazaakallahu khair.
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0 # mani 2013-10-13 22:44
That's the problem with Muslims scholars, they have no sense of Unity amongs Muslims world wide, instead they keep feeding us this unity on local basics. You fast on the day of Arfa period. UNLESS YOU HAVE ARFA IN YOUR LOCAL COMMUNITY THAN GO HEAD AND FAST ON THE DAY OF EID!!! MUSLIMS need to wake up!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!
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-1 # khan 2013-10-14 14:08
Unity or one Ummah based on Quran and Prophet.
Muslim Sects do Taqleed of different Fiqh. Therefore how can we Unite......
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-1 # khan 2013-10-14 14:04
Brotehr 3 fiqhs Hanafee, Hambalee, and Malikee for Ittehadul Matalee: first Crescent sighting report from anywhere by a sound Muslim. Only Shafaai fiqh for Local Moonsighting 50 Miles restriction. Pleae read the Fiqhs.
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+4 # Mohammed Mohsin 2012-10-24 13:43
ALLAH HU AKBAR
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+1 # Mohammed Mohsin 2012-10-24 13:42
Haj and Eid Mubarak to all Muslim Bhai And Bhen,
Allah sab ko Haj Naseeb karey Aameen
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+1 # Abdirahman 2012-10-24 13:30
Eid Mubarak to All Muslims
:lol: :-) Allahu Akbar
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+3 # Abdirahman 2012-10-24 13:29
Eid Mubarak to Muslims Allahu Akbar
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0 # UK 2012-10-24 09:51
MashaAllah
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+3 # Amina 2012-10-24 09:25
:-) jazaakallahu khair, ALhamdulillah
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0 # maz 2012-10-25 09:34
Asalam.o.Alikum ! Mashallah. i like ur wordings.
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+6 # sulaiman muzammil 2012-10-21 20:08
helpful hadees
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+8 # fatima 2012-10-17 04:18
:lol: salam alikum
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+3 # Mohammed Mohsin 2012-10-24 13:43
Walekum assalam,Haj ,EID MUBARAK
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- 'Abdullah Yusuf Ali (d. 1373H), may Allah have mercy upon him

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