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Fasting the Six Days of Shawwal

Shawwal is the Islamic month that is immediately after Ramadhan, the first day being 'Eid al-Fitr.

What is the ruling on fasting six days of Shawwal? Is it wajib (obligatory)?

Praise be to Allah.

Fasting six days of Shawwal after the obligatory fast of Ramadhan is Sunnah Mustahabbah, not wajib. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast six days of Shawwal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward. Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for him a reward as if he had fasted a whole year, as was reported in a sahih hadith from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

"Whoever fasts Ramadhan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime."
Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained this when he said: "Whoever fasts for six days after ('Eid) al-Fitr has completed the year: (whoever does a good deed (hasanah) will have ten hasanah like it)." According to another report: "Allah has made for each hasanah ten like it, so a month is like fasting ten months, and fasting six days completes the year." [An-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah. See also Sahih at-Targhib wa't-Tarhib, 1/421). It was also narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah with the wording: "Fasting for the month of Ramadhan brings the reward of ten like it, and fasting for six days brings the reward of two months, and that is the fasting of the whole year."

The Hanbali and Shafi'i fuqaha' explained that fasting six days of Shawwal after fasting Ramadhan makes it as if one has fasted for an entire year of obligatory fasts, because the multiplication of the reward applies even to nafil fasts, because each hasanah brings the reward of ten like it.

Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwal is that is makes up for any shortfall in a person's obligatory Ramadhan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his nafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

"The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their salah (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels - although He knows best - 'Look at the salah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.' If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, 'Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (nafil) prayers.' If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.' Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner."
Narrated by Abu Dawud

And Allah knows best.

When should a Muslim start fasting six days of Shawwal? When can I start fasting six days of Shawwal, since we have annual leave right now?

Praise be to Allah.

You can start fasting six days of Shawwal from the second day of Shawwal, because it is haram to fast on the day of 'Eid. You can fast the six days at any time during Shawwal, although the best of good deeds are those which are done soonest.

The standing committee received the following question:

Should fasting the six days be done immediately after Ramadhan, following the day of 'Eid or is it permissible to do it a few days after 'Eid in the month of Shawwal or not?

They replied1 as follows:

These days do not have to be fasted immediately after 'Eid al-Fitr; it is permissible to start fasting them one or more days after 'Eid, and they may be done consecutively or separately during the month of Shawwal, according to what is easier for a person. There is plenty of room for maneuver in this matter, and this is not obligatory, it is Sunnah.

And Allah is the Source of strength. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions and grant them peace.

Do the six days of Shawwal have to be fasted consecutively?

With regard to the six days of Shawwal after Ramadhan, is it a condition that they should be fasted consecutively, or can I separate them? I want to fast them in three sessions, on the two days of the weekend.

Praise be to Allah.

It is not a necessary condition that they should be fasted consecutively. If you fast them separately or consecutively, it is OK. The sooner you do them, the better, because Allah says (interpretation of the meanings):

"So compete in good deeds."
Al-Qur'an 5:48
"And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord."
Al-Qur'an 3:133
"[Musa - peace be upon him - said:] … and I hastened to You, O my Lord, that You might be pleased."
Al-Qur'an 20:84

And (you should hasten to fast these six days) because delaying may cause problems. This is the view of the Shafi'is and some of the Hanbalis, but it is OK if you do not hasten it and you delay it until the middle or end of the month.

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

"Our companions said: it is mustahabb to fast six days of Shawwal. Because of this hadith they said: it is mustahabb to fast these days consecutively at the beginning of Shawwal, but if one separates them or delays them until after Shawwal, this is permissible, because he will still be following the general guidelines of the hadith. We have no dispute regarding this matter, and this was also the view of Ahmad and Dawud."
Al-Majmu' Sharh al-Muhadhdhab

Can a person start fasting six days of Shawwal when he still has days to make up from Ramadhan?

If a person fasts six days of Shawwal after Ramadhan when he has not yet completed the Ramadhan fast - because he did not fast ten days of Ramadhan for a legitimate reason - will he have the same reward as a person who fasted all of Ramadhan and followed it with six days of Shawwal, i.e. will he be like a person who fasted for a lifetime? Please explain to us, may Allah reward you with good.

Praise be to Allah.

The precise rewards for the deeds which people do for the sake of Allah is something which is known only to Allah. If a person seeks the reward from Allah and strives to obey Him, his reward will not be lost, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

"We shall not make the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in the most perfect manner to be lost."
Al-Qur'an 18:30

If someone has missed some of the days of Ramadhan, he should fast them first, then fast six days of Shawwal, because he cannot follow the fast of Ramadhan with six days of Shawwal unless he has completed his Ramadhan fast.

And Allah is the source of strength. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions, and grant them peace.2

Does one have to fast six days of Shawwal every year?

If someone fasts six days of Shawwal, then one year he gets sick or something prevents him from fasting, or he is too lazy to fast, will there be any sin on him? We have heard that if a person fasts these six days one year, he must never give up this practice thereafter.

Praise be to Allah.

Fasting six days of Shawwal after the day of 'Eid is Sunnah. It is not wajib (obligatory) on the person who does this once or more often to continue doing it. He is not guilty of a sin if he does not fast these days.

And Allah is the Source of strength. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and grant him peace.3

 Question references (respectively), #7859 - 9 January 2000, #7860 - 11 January 2000, #7858 - 11 January 2000, #7863 - 12 January 2000 and #7865 - 13 January 2000.

Comments   

0 # irshad 2014-07-31 09:50
Is shawwal fasting applicable on both men n women or only women...I hv heard tht only women keep fast in shawwal for 6 days?
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+1 # sjabbar 2014-08-05 10:03
it is applicable for both men and women inshallah
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0 # Zainab 2013-09-06 17:16
what should I do? - I only managed to fast only 5 days of Shawwal. so how can I make up the missed day (6th day) of Shawwal? :sigh:
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0 # seid ali 2014-07-30 04:46
Sister Zainab I don't seen any wrong any time you can do your make up. Praise be to allah
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-1 # Rabiul Alam 2013-09-02 12:59
anybody, would you tell me which date(August) Arabic Sawwal month will be finish?
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+1 # nawaz 2013-09-04 06:46
Dear Rabiul,
Shawal month finish 06th Sep2013 in if you are in middle east and in asia then it will finish on 07th sept2013.
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+1 # seid ali 2014-07-30 04:54
Quoting Rabiul Alam:
anybody, would you tell me which date(August) Arabic Sawwal month will be finish?


if you really want do it or stating on July, 30 you will finish on August 7 your Eid day
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-2 # Muhammad Azeem 2013-09-01 07:23
Assalam Alaikum, Brother,

i am having one query related to 6 shawwal fasting,
Q. can we do shawwal fasting on Fridays ?
Q. If we have done 4 fasting in shawwal and 2 fasting in next month after shawwal, is it acceptable?
Please reply at earliest.
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+1 # Ramzan 2014-05-12 14:33
Assalamu alaikum brothers and sisters,

this answer is regarding the Muhammad Azeem.
Dear Azeem, We can keep fast on fridays in Shawwal month. cause read this hatheeth carefully "Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Whoever fasts Ramadhan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime." [Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah]" .
we can keep 6 fast on any days that might be consecutively or seperately but should be within the month of shawwal not in the next month of shawwal
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+1 # Marouph 2014-08-01 14:04
Wa 'alaykumissalam my brother. I will answer your question with the understanding of our beloved scholars. The Ahl Sunnah wal-jama'a. In your first question, it is acceptable to fast in the day of friday/jum'ah as long as you fasted in the day before the friday which is the thursday or you have an intention to fast in the day of saturday in short you cannot fast in the day of friday if you did'nt fast in the day of thursday or saturday. in your second question, it is not acceptable because simply you did'nt completed the 6 days fast in the month of shawwal because the next month after shawwal is not a shawwal anymore. Wallahu A'lam.
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0 # Mrs akhtar 2013-08-15 11:59
Do anyone knows a Hadith which tells about that missed fasts and shawwal fasts should be kept separately because one of my friend is doing argument that if we will keep the shawwal fasts we will get the reward for both shawwal ones and missed ones,and we don't need to keep missed fasts.
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0 # Ahmed Malik 2013-08-15 13:11
Ramadan fasts are in the month of Ramadan, and the voluntary fasts of shawwal are in the month of shawwal. You cannot fast 1 fast for the both. You have to make intentions whether you are fasting for Ramadan or Shawwal. If you missed a couple fasts in Ramadan, then it is recommended that you complete the missed fasts first before keeping the 6 fasts for the month of shawwal. And Allah knows best.
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+2 # xRx 2013-08-20 09:01
Quoting Mrs akhtar:
Do anyone knows a Hadith which tells about that missed fasts and shawwal fasts should be kept separately because one of my friend is doing argument that if we will keep the shawwal fasts we will get the reward for both shawwal ones and missed ones,and we don't need to keep missed fasts.

Question: I recently heard on Islamic radio that we can fast the six days of Shawwal with two niyyah (intentions):


This is what I came across on suhaiwebb.com

Making up the days we didn’t fast during the month of Ramadan (for women) and
Fasting the six days of Shawwal (like a simultaneous fast).
I read on a scholar’s website that we cannot fast the six days of Shawwal before actually finishing the fasting of the month of Ramadan, i.e. – the way I understood it – the concept of two niyyah does not apply. Any suggestions?

Answer: The correct opinion is that one cannot combine intentions because each act is a separate act of worship. The contention that one must fast the days of Ramadan first, while respected, is not the strongest based on the dalil (evidence):

Many of the companions would delay their Ramadan fasts until the month of Sh’aban. We can assume that before that time they observed other fasts.
The obligation to make up the days of Ramadan is for the entire year (as held by most jurists) and according to many, for one’s entire lifetime. There is no explicit proof that one must make the days up in a year’s time save an implicit narration of `Ayesha radiallahu ‘anha (may Allah be pleased with her): “It happens that I have to make up days of Ramadan and I will not make up (these days) but in Sh’aban.” (Imam Muslim)
What does this mean?

Do not combine intentions.
Fast the six days first.
And Allah knows best.
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0 # Naseer 2013-08-15 11:10
People should try and fast these six days.

I have seen a lot of people commenting on whether the reward is for a year or a lifetime refering to the above hadiths.

you dont need to clarify which one it is, as fasting is a blessing and we should be happy Allah azzawajal has given us the the opportunity to please him and also the opportunity to follow the sunnah.
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0 # Nusrat 2013-08-11 07:45
i missed 4 fast of ramadhan. but today i am offering 1st fast of shawal. Allah will grant this as fast of ramadan or fast of Shawal or nafal??
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0 # Ahmed Malik 2013-08-15 09:46
Salam,

According to what you mention, you are offering your 1st fast of shawwal. I am assuming that you made your intentions also for this voluntary fast of Shawwal. That being said, your fast is based on your intentions you had made. Since you did not know, I would keep that first fast of Shawwal, and the following day make up the 4 fasts with you had missed from Ramadan, and then make up with the 5 days fasts of Shawwal since you had already kept 1. And Allah knows best.
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0 # eren 2013-08-11 04:20
Allahu akbar
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+2 # eren 2013-08-11 04:19
As salamun aleykum. May Allah except our fast
And forgive our sins.jazakallah for the info.
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-1 # Muhammad nouman 2013-08-10 03:59
Salam mulikum and eid mubrik to every one
Kindly any one email me and tel whats the date of shawal which 6 dates we should fasting
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0 # Musimah 2013-08-10 14:38
Salaam the 1st day of shawwal is eid day, as you cannot fast on eid day you can start on 2nd shawwal which in uk was either 8/9 August 2013. Some people find it easier to fast day after eid as you are already in routine of fasting from ramadan. Hope this helps.
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0 # Ahmed Malik 2013-08-15 09:52
w. salam,

First day of Shawwal started on Thursday Aug 8 2013,
and will end on Friday September 6 2013 which is the last day of Shawwal. So technically speaking, you can make up your days of fasts, and keep your six days of shawwal fasts up until the last day of shawwal which is September 6 2013. And Allah knows best.
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0 # Ahmed Malik 2013-08-15 09:53
Just another note, fast on the second day of Shawwal, as it is haraam to fast on Eid.
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+1 # Nabeel Abdullah 2013-08-09 22:24
"Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for him a reward as if he had fasted a whole year, as was reported in a sahih hadith from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Whoever fasts Ramadhan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime." [Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah]"

So, clear me, the reward is as if a person has fasted for a whole year or a lifetime? -_-
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+1 # Hasan Mujtaba Cheema 2013-08-09 22:29
I had the same question. I looked up the ahadeeth and this is what I found. It would be nice if a more learned person could be conversation right now.

Abu Ayyub Radhiallohu ‘anhu relates that he heard the Messenger of Allah Sallallohu alaihi wasallam saying, “He who fasts in Ramadhan and then follows it with six fasts in Shawwal will be as though he fasted all the time.(Muslim)
Thauban Radhiallohuanhu relates that he heard the Messenger of Allah Sallallohu alaihi wasallam saying, “Allah Ta’ala made a single good deed equivalent to ten the like thereof, so one month is equivalent to ten months, and six days of fasting afte r the Eid-ul-Fitr completes one year.(Nasai)Ima m Nasai Rahimahullah and Ibn Khuzaimah Rahimahullah have recorded that fasting in the month Ramadhan is equivalent to ten months and fasting six days is equivalent to two months. This totals the reward of fasting for one full year.(Nasai)
He who fasts in Ramadhan and follows it with six fasts in Shawwal will come out of his sins like the day his mother gave birth to him.(Tabrani)
Thauban Radhiallohuanhu relates that the Messenger of AllahSallallohu alaihi wasallam said, “Whoever fasts Ramadan, and then six days after Eid, it is [like fasting] an entire year. Whoever does a good deed shall have ten times its reward.”(Ibn Majah, Muntaqa)
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+1 # Hasan Mujtaba Cheema 2013-08-09 22:31
The way I reconcile the two is that fasting for 6 days of Shawwal after fasting the entire month of Ramadan, will equal the ajar of Fasting the entire year. And one who does this his entire life, it would be as if he fasted his entire life. Please correct me if I'm wrong.

Allah knows best.
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0 # Hasan Mujtaba Cheema 2013-08-09 22:22
Isn't the hadith regarding sawaab equal to a whole year of fasting and not an entire lifetime? Please correct me if I'm wrong.

Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Whoever fasts Ramadhan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime." [Nar rated by Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah]
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+1 # yahya 2013-08-09 17:51
This has been so useful to me and guess what, am starting my six days of shawwal 2mro. Allahu Akbar. May Allah the almighty reward you for sharing knowledge. I also found these sites so useful especially for people like us who can't read arabic...www.Qu ranexplorer.com and www.mount hira.com
You can read the Quran and understand the meaning of the surahs. Asalaam to u all.
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+1 # Tanzina 2013-08-09 09:07
Assalam Walaikum ,
when women has monthly problem that time we have to miss couple fast , so in that case do we have to finish those miss fast first then should follow the six shawal fast or we can do six shawal fast then we can do missed fast later ?

Jazak Allah khairan ..
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+1 # Musimah 2013-08-10 14:42
Salaam sister, yes we must make up missed fasts before we can fast the 6 in Shawwal.
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+3 # Hadijat 2013-08-08 20:14
This has been so useful.... Thank you.. MashAlllah
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+1 # usman 2013-08-08 11:37
Perfect and complete answers. Thank you.
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+2 # naseerjan 2013-08-02 16:01
Salam MashAllah may Almighty Allah give u all great reward
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+2 # anisah 2013-07-11 09:53
Al hum do lilah :D :D :D :lol: :lol: :lol: :roll: :roll: :roll: :-) :-) :-) ;-) ;-) ;-) ;-)
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+6 # anisah 2013-07-11 09:53
I cant wait to do these fasts and i have to make up for mine before doing this. So this really helped me thankyou subhanallah may allah bless you inshallah
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