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- Published on 18 February 2015
- Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali
The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam chose the station of al-'ubudiyyah (slavery and servitude) over and above the station of kingship. Once - on the day of the conquest of Makkah - a man stood-up (out of reverence) for the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, who, being shocked, said to him:
"Do not trouble yourself! Indeed I am not a king. Rather I am merely the son of a Qurayshi woman who eats dry meat."
It has also been authentically reported from the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam that he said:
"Do not over praise me as the Christians over-praised 'Isa son of Maryam. Indeed, I am only a slave. So call me the Slave of Allah and His Messenger."
Imam Ahmad - rahimahullahu ta'ala - reports from Muhammad ibn Fudayl, from 'Amarah, from Abu Zur'ah who said: I do not know this except from Abu Hurayrah - radhiallahu 'anhu - who said: Jibril was sitting with the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam looking towards the sky, when he saw an angel. So Jibril - 'alayhis-salam - said to him: Indeed, this angel has never descended before today. So when the angel had descended, he said: O Muhammad! I have been sent by your Lord (to inquire) whether He should make you a Prophet-King or a Slave-Messenger. [Related by Ahmad (2/321), Al-Bazzar (no. 4262) and Al-Haythami in Al-Majma' (9/18-19) where he said: "It has been narrated by Ahmad, Al-Bazzar and Abu Ya'la, and its initial narrators are all the narrators of As-Sahih."]
- Published on 16 February 2015
- Iftekhar Bano Hussain
Sayyedina Da'wud was descended from Judah, one of twelve sons of Sayyedina Ya'qub - who was otherwise known as Israel. Sayyedina Da'wud - who is known by the Jews and the Christians as the Prophet David - was one of the many Prophets who were sent to the Tribe of Israel after Sayyedina Musa in order to keep his teachings alive, blessings and peace be on all of them:
"Those of the Tribe of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Da'wud and of 'Isa son of Maryam - that is because they rebelled and exceeded the limits. They did not forbid each other the wrong they were doing - and what they used to do was certainly awful."
Indeed Sayyedina Da'wud was a Messenger as well as a Prophet, since he was given a revelation to supplement the Torah of Sayyedina Musa, which was called the Zabur, and which is also known by the Jews and the Christians as the Psalms:
"And your Lord knows best about whatever is in the heavens and the earth; and We certainly favoured some Prophets more than others; and We gave Da'wud the Zabur."
The references to Sayyedina Da'wud in the Qur'an do not describe his childhood, but the ayah from Surah Al-Baqarah which follow do describe his killing the champion of the Philistines, Jalut, who is more commonly known by the Jews and the Christians as Goliath. The passage begins by describing the appointment of Talut - who fought and, with Sayyedina Da'wud's help, overcame the Philistines - as the king of the Tribe of Israel by a Prophet of that time.
- Published on 08 February 2015
- Sayyid Qutb
... The third aspect the event refers to concerns the reality of the Arabian situation at the time. The Arabs did not have any role to play on the face of the earth; they did not have an identity of their own before Islam. In the Yemen they were subjugated by either the Persians or the Abyssinians. If they had any government of their own it was under the protection of the Persians. In the north, Syria was subject to the Byzantine rule which was either direct or in the shape of an Arab government under the protection of the Byzantines. Only the heartland of the Arabian Peninsula escaped foreign rule. But this also was in a state of tribalism and division which deprived it of any weight in world power politics. Tribal war could drag on for forty years or morel but neither individually nor as a group did these tribes count as a power in the eyes of the neighbouring mighty empires. What happened with regard to the "Elephant" aggression was a correct assessment of the real force of these tribes when faced with a foreign aggressor.
- Published on 02 February 2015
- Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani
Narrated 'A'ishah radhiallahu 'anha: Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam used to pray four rak'at in Duha prayer and added whatever Allah wished for him. [Reported by Muslim]
Let it be known that Ishraq, Salat ul-Awwabin and Duha are different names that stand for identically the same forenoon prayer. The time of this prayer starts with the sunrise and goes on until one-fourth of the day. The least number of rak'at of Duha prayer are two and the maximum is twelve. The preferable among them are four which is supported and approved by the ahadith of the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam. It may also be remembered that this prayer is a Sunnah of former Messengers as they used to offer it during their times. Hence this prayer is a Sunnah and mustahabb (desirable). As to the matter of this prayer being called a bid'ah (innovation) by 'Umar radhiallahu 'anhu, it only alludes to the fact that if someone develops a habit of continually offering it, it may be regarded as an innovation, as the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam did not always offer it.
Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam radhiallahu 'anhu: Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said:
"The prayer of those who are penitent is offered when the young weaned camels feel the heat of the sun."
This hadith indicates that the best time of Duha prayer is just before noon.
Narrated Anas radhiallahu 'anhu: Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said:
"Whoever prays twelve rak'at of Duha, Allah will build a castle for him in Paradise."
Narrated 'A'ishah radhiallahu 'anha: Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam entered my house and prayed eight rak'at of Duha prayer. [Reported by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih]
- Published on 07 January 2015
- Abu Haneefa
When Surah an-Nasr was revealed the Companions rejoiced with the glad tidings of help and victory from Allah. The chapter depicts a most pleasing scene of people embracing the religion of Islam in large crowds, fulfilling the prophecy of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam), that Islam would spread across the Arabian Peninsula. Abu Bakr alone, wept uncontrollably. He declared, "May my mother and father be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah!". For he alone understood that this chapter was not only foretelling the near victory that the Muslims would soon enjoy, but it was in fact foretelling the passing away of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam). Ibn Abbas later explained this chapter in the gatherings of the senior companions who witnessed Badr by saying, "This was a sign for the Prophet to know his time of death." 1
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) stands alone as the greatest of the Messengers and the most beloved to Allah of His creation. No being, whether human, jinn or indeed angel has drawn closer to Allah's presence in this life than the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam). During the miraculous night journey, even the leader of the angels, Jibril, could not accompany the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) as he ventured forward to speak to Allah directly, with no barrier between him and His Lord except the veil of light. It is sufficient for us to understand the status of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) when we look at the great terms of endearment and respect by which Allah himself addresses the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) in the Qur'an. With this in mind, it becomes clear that Allah did not send the most beloved of His creation to this world for any other reason than to establish His religion and make His Word the highest. When this mission was complete the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) was to return to His Lord.
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"If one of you is afflicted with a calamity, then let him remember his calamity by me (his death); for indeed, it is the greatest of calamities."
To this day the Muslim ummah suffers from the trauma of the death of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam). But even through his death, the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) sought to console the ummah and alleviate the anguish of their own calamities by comparing it to the greatest of calamities, namely his death (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam). As-Sindi states, "Remembering a greater disaster wipes out the effect of a smaller one, and if one was able to tolerate and shoulder the greater disaster then it becomes easier for him to withstand the smaller one."
The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) stated:
"The stars safeguard the skies, and when the stars disappear, then the skies will get what they were promised (i.e. the day of Resurrection), and I safeguard my companions, so when I go then my companions will get what they were promised (i.e. trials and tribulations), and my companions safeguard the Muslim nation, so when they go then my nation will get what they were promised."
- Published on 23 December 2014
- Ibn Kathir
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
1. Verily, We have given you Al-Kauthar,
2. So turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice,
3. For he who makes you angry, he will be cut off.
It is narrated that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Messenger of Allah sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam was dozing and then he raised his head and smiled, then either he said to them (the Companions), or they said to him: "Why did you laugh?" The he sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "Verily, a surah has been revealed to me." Then he recited, "In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful, Verily We have given you Al-Kauthar ... " to the end of the Surah. The he asked, "Do you know what Al-Kauthar is?" They replied, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He said: "It is a river granted to me by my Lord, the Almighty, the All-Powerful in Paradise, in which is great goodness; its drinking vessels are as (limitless as) the heavenly bodies. It refuses to allow one of the slaves to drink, and the Prophet will say: 'Oh, my Lord! He is one of my community.' But it will be said to him: 'You know nothing of the innovations (in religion) that they practiced after you.'"
It has been narrated about the pool of Al-Kauthar that it has two streams running into it from the heavens which emanate from the river known as Al-Kauthar and its drinking vessels are as limitless as the stars in the sky.1 Many qurra' (scholars of Qur'anic recitation) have taken this as proof that the Surah was revealed in Madinah, while many fuqaha' have deduced from it that the basmalah is an integral part of the Surah and that it was revealed from it.
As for the Words of Allah: "Verily, We have given you Al-Kauthar" it has already been mentioned that Al-Kauthar is a river in Paradise and Imam Ahmad has narrated, on the authority of Anas, that he recited this Surah and then he said: "The Messenger of Allah sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: 'I have been given Al-Kauthar and it is a flowing river in Paradise which does not flow along a normal channel, but instead its banks are domes of pearl and I struck its earth with my hand and it was a strong-smelling musk, and its pebbles were pearls.'" Ibn Jarir has narrated, on the authority of Anas, that he asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam about Al-Kauthar and he said: "It is a river in Paradise, given to me by my Lord, whose colour is whiter than milk and whose taste is sweeter than honey; upon it are birds whose necks are like those of camels." 'Umar said: "Oh, Messenger of Allah! It is an ostrich." He sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam replied: "Its meat is more delicate and tender than that, O 'Umar."