Alhamdulillah, 'Eid will be on Monday 28 July
- Published on 14 January 2012
Shawwal is the Islamic month that is immediately after Ramadhan, the first day being 'Eid al-Fitr.
What is the ruling on fasting six days of Shawwal? Is it wajib (obligatory)?
Praise be to Allah.
Fasting six days of Shawwal after the obligatory fast of Ramadhan is Sunnah Mustahabbah, not wajib. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast six days of Shawwal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward. Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for him a reward as if he had fasted a whole year, as was reported in a sahih hadith from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Abu Ayyub (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Whoever fasts Ramadhan and follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime." [Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah]
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained this when he said: "Whoever fasts for six days after ('Eid) al-Fitr has completed the year: (whoever does a good deed (hasanah) will have ten hasanah like it)." According to another report: "Allah has made for each hasanah ten like it, so a month is like fasting ten months, and fasting six days completes the year." [An-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah. See also Sahih at-Targhib wa't-Tarhib, 1/421). It was also narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah with the wording: "Fasting for the month of Ramadhan brings the reward of ten like it, and fasting for six days brings the reward of two months, and that is the fasting of the whole year."
The Hanbali and Shafi'i fuqaha' explained that fasting six days of Shawwal after fasting Ramadhan makes it as if one has fasted for an entire year of obligatory fasts, because the multiplication of the reward applies even to nafil fasts, because each hasanah brings the reward of ten like it.
Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwal is that is makes up for any shortfall in a person's obligatory Ramadhan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his nafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their salah (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels - although He knows best - 'Look at the salah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.' If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, 'Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (nafil) prayers.' If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.' Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner." [Narrated by Abu Dawud]
And Allah knows best.
[Question Reference #7859, posted on 09.01.2000]
When should a Muslim start fasting six days of Shawwal? When can I start fasting six days of Shawwal, since we have annual leave right now?
Praise be to Allah.
You can start fasting six days of Shawwal from the second day of Shawwal, because it is haram to fast on the day of 'Eid. You can fast the six days at any time during Shawwal, although the best of good deeds are those which are done soonest.
- Published on 27 July 2014
Alhamdulillahi wa kafa, was-salatu was-salamu 'ala 'ibadihi'l-ladhina stafa
We leave the blessed month of Ramadhan, its beautiful days and its fragrant nights. We leave the month of the Qur'an, taqwa, patience, jihad, mercy, forgiveness and freedom from Hellfire ...
Have we fulfilled the requirements of taqwa and graduated from the Ramadhan school with the diploma of the god-fearing?
Have we fought our souls and desires and defeated them, or have we been overtaken by our customs and blind imitations?
Have we performed our actions in a way that fulfills the conditions for receiving mercy, forgiveness and release from the Fire?
Many questions and numerous thoughts come to the heart of the sincere Muslim, who asks and answers with truthfulness.
What Have We Gained From Ramadhan?
Ramadhan is a school of iman and a 'stop to recharge one's spiritual batteries' - to acquire one's provision for the rest of the year ...
For when will one take a lesson and change for better if not in the month of Ramadhan?
The noble month is a true school of transformation in which we change our actions, habits and manners that are in variance with the Law of Allah 'azza wa jall.
"Verily, Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves." [Al-Qur'an 13:11]
If you are from those who benefited from Ramadhan, fulfilled the requirements of taqwa, truly fasted the month, prayed in it with truthfulness, and strove against you soul, then praise and thank Allah, and ask Him for steadfastness upon it until you meet your death.
Be not like one who has sewn a shirt and then destroyed it ... Have you seen one who sewed a shirt or thawb, so when she looked at it, she liked it. Then she destroyed it pulling a thread by thread for no reason. What would people say about such a person?! Or have you seen one who earns a fortune trading throughout the day, then when the night comes, he throws away all that he earned, dirham by dirham. What would people say about such a person?!
- Published on 18 August 2012
- 'Ali Hasan al-Halabi
Website note: Please note this, as in all areas of fiqh, is a topic with valid differences of opinion. We recommend you consult the Imam of the mosque you intend to pray the 'Eid prayer at for further guidance on how they will be leading the prayer.
The 'Eid Prayer Described
First: The 'Eid prayer is two raka'at and this is taken from the narration of 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: "The prayer of travelling is two raka'at, the prayer of 'Adha is two raka'at and the prayer of Fitr is two raka'at. They are complete, not shortened and this is taken from the word of the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam)." 1
Second: The first raka'at begins, just like all other prayers, by the Takbiratul-Ihram2, then by making seven more takbirat, and in the second raka'at - five takbirat are made excluding the takbir of standing back up.
'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: "The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) in the Fitr and 'Adha prayers used to make takbir - in the first raka'at seven takbirat and in the second rak'ah five takbirat other than the two takbirat of ruku'."3
Imam Al-Baghawi said: "This is the opinion of the majority of the people of knowledge from the Companions and those after them - that one makes takbir in the 'Eid prayer; in the first rak'ah seven times other than the opening takbir and in the second rak'ah five times other than the takbir of standing back up before reciting. This is reported upon Abu Bakr, 'Umar, 'Ali and ... "4
Third: It has not been authentically reported from the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) that he used to raise his hands with the takbirat of 'Eid.5
However Ibn Al-Qayyim said: "Ibn 'Umar with his adherent following of the Sunnah used to raise his hands with each takbir."6
I say: The best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam).
Our Shaykh - Al-Albani said in Tamam al-Minnah p. 348: "That fact that it is reported from 'Umar and his son does not make it a sunnah, especially when the reports from 'Umar and his son are not authentic. As for what is reported from 'Umar then it is transmitted by Al-Bayhaqi with a weak chain of narration and as for what is reported for his son, then as of yet I have not come across it."
Our Shaykh also says in Ahkam al-Jana'iz (p. 148) in a matter similar to this: "He who thinks that he - Ibn 'Umar - would not do this except by permission from the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) then he should raise his hands."
Fourth: No specific supplication in between the 'Eid takbirat has been authentically reported from the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam). However it has been established upon Ibn Mas'ud (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said regarding the 'Eid prayer: "In between every two takbirat, is the praising of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, and the sending of praise upon Allah."7
Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy upon him) said: "He (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) used to pause for a little while in between every two takbirat; but no specific supplication in between the takbirat has been preserved from him. However it is mentioned upon Ibn Mas'ud that he said: 'One praises Allah, exalts Him and sends Salah (du'a) upon the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam)."8
I say, what I said regarding the issue of raising the hands with the takbirat, ie. that the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam).
Fifth: When he (sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) completed the takbirat he would begin reciting the opening of the Book (Al-Fatihah), and after it read: "Qaf, by the Glorious Qur'an ... " (Surah Qaf) in one of the two raka'at and in the other rak'ah: "The Hour has drawn closer, and the moon has been cleft asunder ... " [Surah Al-Qamar]9 And he sometimes read in the two raka'at: "Glorify the name of your Lord the Most High ... " [Surah Al-'Ala] and, "Has there come to you the narration of the Overwhelming ... " [Surah Al-Ghashiyyah].10
- Published on 30 January 2012
- Salih al-Fawzan
Sufyan ibn 'Abdullah radiallahu 'anhu said: "O Messenger of Allah, tell me something about Islam, which I cannot ask anyone else besides you." He said: "Say: 'I believe in Allah' and then be steadfast (upon that)." [Sahih Muslim 38]
The hadith is proof that the servant is obligated, after having iman in Allah, to persevere and be steadfast upon obeying Him by performing the obligatory acts and avoiding the prohibited ones. This is achieved by following the Straight Path, which is the firm Religion without drifting away from it, to the right or to the left.
If the Muslim lives through Ramadhan and spent his days in fasting and his nights in prayer and he accustomed himself to doing acts of good, then he must continue to remain upon this obedience to Allah at all times. This is the true state of the slave, for indeed, the Lord of the months is One and He is ever watchful and witnessing over his servants at all times.
- Published on 17 July 2014
- Abu Aaliyah
A young man enters a gathering in which an elderly scholar is addressing an audience. Clearly agitated, the young man struggles to wait for a pause in the scholar's speech in order to interject. Finding his moment, the man gets up to say his piece. Voice raised and angry, he asks (or rather shouts): Mata ta'udu ilayna afghanistan? - 'When will Afghanistan be returned to us?' Mata ta'udu ilayna al-'iraq? – 'When will Iraq return to us?' Mata ta'udu ilayna falastin? – 'When will Palestine be returned to us?' Mata, mata, mata!? – 'When, when, WHEN!?'
The shaykh takes a deep breath and lets out a gentle sigh of pain, as his head bows to the hurt. He takes a moment to gather his thoughts, lifts his head to respond … But by then, the youth has already stormed out of the assembly.
Somewhat dismayed, the scholar turns to the audience and says in a subdued tone: Mata ta'udu ilayna baladuna? Idha 'udtum ilallah 'adat ilaykum baladukum: 'When will our land return to us? When you return to God, your land will return to you.'
- Published on 21 July 2014
- Hamzah Muhammad Salih Ajjaj
- Recite as much of the Qur'an as you can every day. Ask for the peace and blessings of Allah upon His Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, often.
- Keep up the five obligatory prayers, as well as voluntary night prayer and the forenoon (dhuhr) prayer, even if it be only two raka'at.
- Pay your obligatory zakat, and give in charity every day, even if it be only very little. If you cannot afford to, then give it in the form of a kind word. Fast Ramadhan, and three days each month.
- Would you not like to be one of those whom Allah loves? Then love your Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam, and his family. Be good to your parents.
- Would you not like to be one of those who say, "O Lord, O Lord" and to whom Allah says, "Here I am, O My servant; ask, and it shall be given to you"? Your prayers will be answered if you eat only what is good and halal; be just to people, even if it be at your own expense; and show good character in all your dealings with people.
- Would you not like to be one of those whose supplications are favourably answered, for your written record to be radiant with light on the Day of Ressurection? Purify your heat and repeat frequently, "There is no god but Allah" (la ilaha illallah). Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of all believers, male and female. Never let yourself be one of those who forget to call upon Allah.
- Would you not like to be one of those who gives praise and thanks to Allah and is brought neat to Him? When Allah's servant says, "Praise be to Allah," Allah says, "My servant has praised and thanked Me"; so be sure to repeat often, "Praise be to Allah, and peace be upon His chosen servants" (alhamdulillahi wa salamun 'ala 'ibadihi 'lladhina'stafa).
- Would you not like to be one of the thankful, and that Allah makes your offspring good and pious? Then you should recite the following two verses of thanksgiving: (i) "My Lord, grant that I may be grateful for Your favours, which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and than I may act righteously so as to please You; and admit me, by Your Mercy, to the ranks of Your righteous servants," [Al-Qur'an 27:19] and (ii) "O my Lord, grant that I may be grateful for the favours which You have bestowed on me and upon my parents, and that I may act righteously so as to please You; and make my offspring good for me. I have turned to You in repentance, and I am of those who submit themselves to You (muslimin)." [Al-Qur'an 46:15]
- Would you not like to be guided as to how to integrate soundly your religious and your wordly affairs? Do your utmost to act according to the Divine Command: "O you who believe, bow down, prostate yourselves, and adore your Lord; and do good, that you may prosper." [Al-Qur'an 22:77]
- Would you not like to be guided to the heart of the matter? "Say: 'I believe in Allah'; then follow the Straight Path."