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Superiority of the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah, The

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. May peace and blessings be upon the Chief of the Messengers, Muhammad.

Indeed it is a great favour and blessing from Allah that He has made for His righteous servants periods of time within which they can increase in good deeds to attain great rewards and one of these opportunistic periods is the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah (the final month of the Islamic Calendar, in which the Hajj is performed).

Superiority of the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah

The excellence of these ten days have been mentioned in the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

1. Allah says in the Qur'an:

"By the dawn and by the ten nights … " [Al-Qur'an 89:1-2]

Ibn Kathir said that "the ten nights" referred to here are the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, and this opinion was also held by Ibn Abbas, Ibn az-Zubair, Mujahid and others.

2. The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:

"There are no deeds as excellent as those done in these ten days." They (the companions listening) said, "Not even Jihad?" He, peace be upon him, said, "No, not even Jihad except a man who goes forth endangering his life and wealth and does not return with anything." [Recorded by Imam al-Bukhari]

3. Allah says:

" … and remember the name of Allah in the appointed days." [Al-Qur'an 2:203]

Ibn Abbas and Ibn Kathir said this means in the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.

4. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said:

"There are no other days that are as great as these in the sight of Allah, the Most Sublime. Nor are there any deeds more beloved to Allah then those that are done in these ten days. So increase in tahlil (to say la illaha illallah), takbir (to say allahu akbar) and tahmid (to say alhumdulillah)." [Reported by at-Tabarani in al-Mu'jum al-Kabir]

5. With regards to the noble companion Sa'id bin Jubair, when the days of Dhul-Hijjah began he would strive to increase in good actions with great intensity until he was unable to increase anymore. [Reported by ad-Darimi]

6. Ibn Hajar says in Fath al-Bari:

"The most apparent reason for the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah being distinguished in excellence is due to the assembly of the greatest acts of worship in this period, i.e. salawat (prayers), siyam (fasting), sadaqah (charity) and the Hajj (pilgrimage). In no other periods do these great deeds combine."

What are the Recommended Acts in these Days?

1. Prayer - It is highly recommended to perform the obligatory acts at their prescribed times (as early as possible) and to increase oneself in the superogatory acts, for indeed, this is what brings a person closer to their Lord. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said:

"Upon you is to increase in your prostration to Allah, for verily you do not prostrate to Allah with even one prostration, except that He raises you in degrees and decreases your sins because of it." [Reported by Muslim]

2. Fasting - This has been mentioned as one of the acts of righteousness where Hanbada ibn Khalid reports on the authority of his wife who reports that some of the wives of the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, "The Prophet, upon whom be peace, would fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of Ashura and three days in every month." [Recorded by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, an-Nisa'i and others]

Imam an-Nawawi said that fasting in these ten days is extremely recommended.

3. Saying allahu akbar, la illaha illallah and alhamdulillah - It is found in the aforementioned narration of Ibn 'Umar:

"So increase yourselves in saying la illaha illallah, allahu akbar and alhamdulillah."

Imam al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him, said:

"Ibn 'Umar and Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with them both, used to go out to the markets in the ten days saying the takbir causing the people to follow them in this action."

He also said:

"'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to say the takbir in his mimbar in Mina, whereupon the people of the mosque hearing 'Umar, would start to say the takbir as would the people in the markets until the whole of Mina was locked in glorifying Allah."

Ibn 'Umar used to say the takbir in Mina during these ten days and after prayers, whilst on his bed, in his tent, in his gathering and whilst walking. What is recommended is to say the takbir aloud due to the fact that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, his son and Abu Hurayrah used to do likewise, may Allah be pleased with them all.

Strive with us O Muslims in reviving this sunnah that has become lost in these times and it was almost forgotten, even amongst the people of righteousness and goodness all of which is unfortunately in opposition to what the best of generations were upon (preserving and maintaining the superogatory acts).

There are a number of ways of making takbir that have been narrated by the companions and their followers and from these ways is the following:

  • Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, allahu akbar kabirun.
  • Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, la ilaha illallah, wallahu akbar, wallahu akbar, wa lillahil hamd.
  • Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, allahu akbar, la ilaha illallah, wallahu akbar, allahu akbar wa lillahil hamd.

4. Fasting on the day of 'Arafah - Fasting has been affirmed on the day of 'Arafah, where it has been confirmed from the Prophet, peace be upon him, that he said regarding fasting on the day of 'Arafah:

"Be content with the fact that Allah will expiate for you your sins for the year before (the day of 'Arafah) and the year after (the day of 'Arafah)." [Reported by Muslim]

However, whoever is at 'Arafah as a pilgrim then fasting is not expected of him, as the Prophet, peace be upon him, stopped at 'Arafah to eat.

May the peace of Allah be upon his Prophet, the family of the Prophet and all of his companions.

Comments   

0 # swapon ali 2014-09-30 18:22
Allah hu Akber, thanks a lot for this good Hadith and good information that is very useful for good Muslim who want to do good deeds. Jazakallah
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0 # Mohammed 2014-09-30 12:19
There's a mistake in the first bullet of this article. It makes reference to the "ten nights" and then refers it to the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, when in fact it should be referring to the last ten nights of ramadan. "Ibn Kathir said that "the ten nights" referred to here are the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, and this opinion was also held by Ibn Abbas, Ibn az-Zubair, Mujahid and others."
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0 # Shirley 2014-10-01 17:59
Quoting Mohammed:
There's a mistake in the first bullet of this article. It makes reference to the "ten nights" and then refers it to the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, when in fact it should be referring to the last ten nights of ramadan. "Ibn Kathir said that "the ten nights" referred to here are the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, and this opinion was also held by Ibn Abbas, Ibn az-Zubair, Mujahid and others."

:-) Assalamu alaikum brother,
in the Qur'an, Allah's statement regarding the 10 nights is found in Surat al-Fajr 89:2. I am certain that Ibn 'Uthaimeen is more knowledgeable than either you or I could ever try to be. Suffice it to say, we should have no doubts when the scholars have gone to great lengths to relay the correct meaning of the verse and the Hadith in Saheeh Bukhari, vol 2, #86
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0 # hasasdasdad 2014-09-29 09:54
8) mashallah :D :-) 8 :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: :sigh: ) :sad: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :eek: :eek:
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-1 # Abdulwaheed bin Abdulazeez A. 2014-09-25 13:10
Ma shaa llah ,May Allah Ta'ala reward this league and the supporters of it aamiiiinnnnnn
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0 # Abdulfattah 2014-09-25 08:32
Jazakallahu khairan for this enlightenment
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+1 # ibn Muzammil 2014-09-25 04:28
Assalami Alikum Brother in Islam,

May Allah Reward you For this thread.
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-3 # Dawn Travels 2014-04-07 08:09
Book a Hajj Package 2014 from Chicago, NY and Houston. Best Hajj Packages from USA available at Dawn Travels.
http://www.dawntravels.com/hajj
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-1 # Amber Nosheen 2013-10-08 09:07
Somebody told me that we should not cut our nails,hair etc is this true
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-1 # Omar 2013-10-08 15:03
Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, "When anyone of you intends to sacrifice the animal and enter in the month of Dhul-Hijjah, he should not get his hair cut or nails pared till he has offered his sacrifice.''
[Muslim].
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-2 # Nurudeen Popoola 2013-10-12 03:20
This is only apply to those who want to slughter animal.
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-3 # Zia 2013-10-12 19:51
Salaam,

Can someone shave/trim their beard before the animal has been slaughtered?
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-1 # Binth Anwar 2013-10-06 14:26
Assalamu alaikum.
Jazakallah for such a great post. I hope you dont mind my reposting this on my blog?
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-1 # oumar 2013-10-05 23:50
salam. the first 10 nights are referring to the last 10 nights of ramadan. Please revise the information.

Barak Allahu Fiik!
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-1 # Hugh Slaman 2013-10-06 00:43
Quoting oumar:
salam. the first 10 nights are referring to the last 10 nights of ramadan. Please revise the information.

Barak Allahu Fiik!


Salam Alaykum,
According to Tafsir al Jalalayn, and others, this is a reference to the first ten days of Dhu'l Hijjah.
I am surprised you feel so sure to the contrary, and Allah knows best.
Wa al-Salam,
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0 # Ibrahim 2013-10-07 11:25
My Brother,

It cannot refer to the last ten 10 days of ramadhan as if it were, The quran wouldn't specifically mention only the last ten nights but it would've mentioned the whole month of ramadhan as Allah says in various places e.g AL baqarah. Also it doesn't say "Last" ten nights in Al Fajr but its mentioned as only 10 nights so it means that these nights are apart from those of the last ashra of ramadhan
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-2 # eisa 2013-10-06 18:56
salam,its very clear that its stating the FIRST ten nights(w/c is the 1st 10 nights of Dhul hijja),if Allah(swt) says the LAST ten nights then it will be the last 10 days of ramadan in sha allah,Allah knows best!
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+2 # Omar 2013-10-04 15:25
Assalamu alaikum,

the numbered days (أيام معدودات) mentioned in [2:203] refer to the days of Tashreeq (11, 12, 13 of Dhuk-Hijjah), not the 10 days. There is a quasi agreement on this.

The first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah are referred to as (أيام معلومات), "known days", in Surat al-Hajj [22:28].

Please revise the article with this regard.

Jazak Allah khayr
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0 # Omar 2013-10-08 15:05
There were some typos. Here's the corrected text:

Assalamu alaikum,

the numbered days (أيام معدودات) mentioned in [2:203] refer to the days of Tashreeq (11, 12, 13 of Dhul-Hijjah), not the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah. There is a quasi agreement on this.

The first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah are referred to as (أيام معلومات), "known days", in Surat al-Hajj [22:28].

Please revise the article with this regard.

Jazak Allah khayr
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-1 # Maher 2014-09-24 13:38
Quoting Omar:
There were some typos. Here's the corrected text:

Assalamu alaikum,

the numbered days (أيام معدودات) mentioned in [2:203] refer to the days of Tashreeq (11, 12, 13 of Dhul-Hijjah), not the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah. There is a quasi agreement on this.

The first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah are referred to as (أيام معلومات), "known days", in Surat al-Hajj [22:28].

Please revise the article with this regard.

Jazak Allah khayr



Assalmu 'Alaikum, this is what I found:
The majority of scholars agree that the "appointed days" are the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, because of the words of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father): "The ‘appointed days’ are the first ten days (of Dhu’l-Hijjah).
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0 # Omar 2014-09-25 22:01
Quoting Maher:
Quoting Omar:
There were some typos. Here's the corrected text:

Assalamu alaikum,

the numbered days (أيام معدودات) mentioned in [2:203] refer to the days of Tashreeq (11, 12, 13 of Dhul-Hijjah), not the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah. There is a quasi agreement on this.

The first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah are referred to as (أيام معلومات), "known days", in Surat al-Hajj [22:28].

Please revise the article with this regard.

Jazak Allah khayr



Assalmu 'Alaikum, this is what I found:
The majority of scholars agree that the "appointed days" are the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, because of the words of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him and his father): "The ‘appointed days’ are the first ten days (of Dhu’l-Hijjah).


If you read the "whole" ayah [2:203] it is quite clear that the days referred to in that ayah are the days of Tashreeq (11, 12, 13 of Dhul-Hijjah):

"And remember Allah during the appointed Days. But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him, if his aim is to do good and obey Allah (fear Him), and know that you will surely be gathered unto Him."[2:203]

If the appointed days were the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah then the verse wouldn't contain:

"But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him..."

Because we know this ruling applies to the days of Tashreeq!
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+4 # Mohamed 2013-10-04 10:32
Salam
Thanks for the ahadith

I would just like to humbly indicate tha Sa'id Ibn jubair was not a companion but one of the best tabieen.

May Allah reward you Ameen
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+2 # hamda 2013-04-16 16:14
may allah reward you for this. Thanks and keep up the good work, and inshallah we will all meet each other. ameen ya rabbi :-)
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+4 # Sajiya 2012-10-25 12:13
May Allah reward you. Ameen.
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+5 # Nida Shaikh 2012-10-22 20:16
:-) Thanks for a brilliant information, Inshallah will follow it, and may allah give u ur share of reward, for this good work,
ameen :-)
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+4 # ahmed fraz abbasi 2012-10-21 11:14
masha allaha u did a very great job and share the islamic knowladge may allaha bless u with fruiteful reward......
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+4 # IbrahimWambwere 2012-10-19 15:14
Mashallah, what a great article. May Allah increase our faith in this holy days.
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+5 # ubaid ur rehman 2012-10-19 10:52
Assalam o alaykum

May ALLAH reward you for your just efforts
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+6 # Muhammad 2012-10-19 04:17
Alhamdulillah I am more enlighten,jazak Allahu khair.
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+6 # Abdurahman 2012-10-17 20:45
JazakhAllah Khair
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+5 # Ridwan 2012-10-16 23:59
May Allah reward you. Ameen.
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+11 # Aminu Muhammad 2012-10-16 16:33
Alhamdulillah, This has been very useful to us. Thanks alot
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+9 # miftaudeen 2012-10-16 11:16
may Allah reward you amen
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+11 # Aleezah 2012-10-15 21:19
Jazakallah for this :)
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Be Mindful O Mankind!

A fool is one who is blind to what is wrong (evil), though he has insight into what is good.
- Al-Awza'i (d. 157H), may Allah have mercy upon him

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