In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy


Shawwaal 1418H / February 1998

Issue No.8

Polishing the Hearts

Page 2

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (d.751) 1

found that the person is, in most cases, pre-occupied with the dhikr of Allaah and with following the Sunnah, and his affairs do not exceed the limits, but rather he is judicious and resolute in his affairs, then he should cling to him very firmly.

Indeed, there is no difference between the living and the dead, except with the dhikr of Allaah; since [the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallom] said: "The example of one who remembers Allaah and someone who does not, is like the example between the living and the dead."6

1. Al-Waabilus-Sayyib min Kalimit-Tayyib (pp.78-82).
2. Hasan: Related by Abu Nu'aym in al-Hiliyatul-Awliynaa (5/361-362). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami' (no.5720).
3. Saheeh: Related by Ibnus-Sunnee in 'Aml al-Yawma wal-Layna (no.3). Refer to Saheehul-Jaami' (no.5446).
4. Hasan: Related by Ibn Hibbaan (no.2318). It was authenticated by Shaykh Saleem al-Hilaalee in Saheeh al-Waabilus-Sayyib (p.80).
5. Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (4/352), from Mu'aadh ibn Jabal radiallaahu 'anhu. It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami' (no.5644).
6. Related by al-Bukhaaree (11/208) and Muslim (1/539).

[QUALITIES OF A GUIDE] So when a worshipper desires to follow another person, then let him see: Is this person from the people of dhikr, or from the people who are negligent [about remembering Allaah]? Does this person judge in accordance with his whims and desires, or by the Revelation? So, if he judges by whims and desires then he is actually from those people who are negligent; those whose affairs have gone beyond bounds and whose deeds are lost.

The term furat [which occurs in the above verse] has been explained in many ways. It has been explained to mean:- [i] losing the rewards of that type of action which is essential to do, and in which lies success and happiness; [ii] exceeding the limits of something; [iii] being destroyed; and [iv] opposing the truth. Each of these sayings are very close in meaning to each other.

The point is that Allaah - the One free from all imperfections, the Most High - has prohibited following all those who possess such attributes. So it is absolutely essential that a person considers whether such attributes are found in his shaykh, or the person who's example he follows, or the person that he obeys. If they are, then he should distance himself from such a person. However, if it is

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim

a brief biography

He is the Imaam, the haafidh (preserver of hadeeth), the Scholar of tafseer (Qur'aanic exegesis), usool (fundamentals of jurisprudence and law) and Fiqh (jurisprudence), Abu 'Abdullaah Shamsud-Deen Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr - better known as Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (or Ibn al-Qayyim).

His Birth and Education: He was born into a noble and knowledgeable family on the 7th of Safar in the year 69 AH in the village of Zar', near Damascus, Syria.

From an early age he set about acquiring knowledge of the Islaamic sciences from the Scholars of his time. Describing his desire for knowledge, Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab said in Dhayl Tabaqaatul - Hanaabilah (4/449): "He had an intense love for knowledge and for books, publications and writings."

Likewise, Ibn Katheer said in al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah (14/235): "He acquired from [such] books what others could not acquire, and he developed a deep understanding of the books of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors) and of the khalaf (those who came after the Salaf)."

His Teachers and Shaykhs: They include Shihaab an-Naablusee and Qaadee Taqeeud-Deen ibn Sulaymaan, from

whom he studied hadeeth; Shaykh Safeeud-Deen al-Hindee and Shaykh Ismaa'eel ibn Muhammad al-Harraanee, from whom he studied fiqh and usool; and also his father; from whom he learnt faraa'id (laws of inheritance). However, the most notable of his shaykhs was Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah, whom he accompanied and studied under for sixteen years.

Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer said in al-Bidooyoh wan-Nihaayah (14/234): "He attained great proficiency in many branches of knowledge; particularly knowledge of tafseer, hadeeth, and usool. When Shaykh Taqeeud-Deen Ibn Taymiyyah returned from Egypt in the year 712H, he stayed with the Shaykh until he died; learning a great deal of knowledge from him, along with the knowledge that he had already occupied himself in attaining. So he became a single Scholar in many branches of knowledge."

His Manners and Worship: Many of his students and contemporaries have borne witness to his excellent character and his manners of worship. Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab said about him in Dhayl Tabaqaatul - Hanaabilah (4/450):

"He - rahimahullaah - was constant in worship and performing tahajjud (the night prayer), reaching the limits in